Inde (Apache people)
- A Western Apache Man
- Chief Naiche, son of Cochise. Naiche was a Chiricahua Apache of the Chokonen band. He took part in many of the significant events in Apache history. The romanticized versions of Apache history often fix their lenses on Geronimo, however Naiche played a pivotal role in many of the events that Geronimo is known for.
- Apache woman and baby
- Apache men at San Carlos playing a game. They were probably gambling, which was an average Apache man’s favorite pastime.
- Apache scout Dandy Jim. He was executed for mutiny in 1882. In August 1881, American soldiers brutally killed a medicine man named Nochedelklinne, who was conducting Ghost Dances. The medicine man was shot in leg, shot through the mouth, then bludgeoned to death with an axe. This appalled many of the Apache scouts serving in the army, causing them to rebel.
- Ulzana, a Chiricahua Apache from the Chokonen band. He was the brother of Kla-esch aka Chihuahua. He became notorious for leading a deadly raid in the 1880’s. There is a movie about the event called Ulzana’s Raid. I suggest you watch it if you like to witness the stereotypical and racist depictions of Apache men.
- Chihuahua aka Kla-esch of the Chiricahua tribe and of the Chokonen band. Besides Naiche, Chihuahua was an important leader amongst the Chokonen people.
- Chiricahua Apaches of the Chihenne band and perhaps some Mescaleros. They were the survivors of the Tres Castillos Massacre of 1881, in which the great Victorio and many of his people were killed by Mexican troops from Chihuahua. The arrows point to the scalps taken from dead Apaches. Mexico placed bounties on Apache scalps and the bounties were high, especially in times of war.
- Chiricahua Apaches who were taken to Carlisle, a boarding school that imprisoned, indoctrinated, and abused native children. The motto was “Kill the Indian save the man.”
- Geronimo’s band of Chiricahuas in 1886. They sit outside the train that carried them to their prison in Florida. They were prisoners of war for 27 years. Throughout that period the tribe, which had been reduced to 500, suffered from disease, depression, ptsd, boarding schools, and destitution.
*when Apache people had their hair at their shoulders, it symbolized that someone close to them had died.